Two years ago I mastered gravy. I roasted, I simmered, I painstakingly created a roux. The end result was incredible. The perfect blend of saltiness and fat, thickened to a perfect texture. The star of the holiday table. So good, a few of my family members even licked their plates.
And then I went grain free when I began following first the Specific Carbohydrate Diet (SCD) and later the paleo autoimmune protocol (AIP) as a way to control Crohn’s disease and I thought my delicious gravy days were in the past. Early attempts at thickening broth with substitutes like arrowroot and tapioca were big disappointments. I was also less-than-impressed with the results of a recipe that called for simmering an onion in chicken broth and then pureeing it. So I had very low expectations of my gluten free Thanksgiving turkey, though I thought I might be able to create something that was at least reminiscent of a half way decent gravy.
To my great surprise and delight, the gravy I ended up with was better than half way decent… it was actually quite delicious!
Somebody might have even licked their plate. And by “somebody,” I just might mean me…
But I’m getting ahead of myself. The delicious gravy was born from drippings from a delicious turkey which began the night before with a soak in a simple brine, which I think was the key to the gravy.
This year we ordered a pastured turkey from a local farm and it ended up being bigger than I expected at 19 pounds, so I had to get creative with the brining vessel and the fact that it wouldn’t fit in our refrigerator. I used a styrofoam cooler like this one. I put the turkey inside a clean plastic trash bag inside the cooler, added the brine to the bag and tied it up, then placed another trash bag full of ice cubes on top of the turkey. I secured the lid and then left it in the coolest part of my house overnight. In the morning, the ice cubes were still mostly frozen, so I’m confident it stayed at a safe temperature.
My previous experiences with brining have been mixed – sometimes delicious, sometimes too salty, sometimes juicy, sometimes just water logged. So these directions are crucial. After about 8 hours in the brine, I removed the turkey and rinsed it thoroughly. Then I place the turkey on a wire rack over a cookie sheet and placed it in the refrigerator uncovered for about 6 hours, so that the extra water could drain and the skin get completely dry. I then took the turkey out of the refrigerator about 1 hour before roasting so it could come up to room temperature.
The gravy building blocks
The trinity of flavor (carrots, celery, and onion) are key here. I cut them into chunks, stuffed half inside the bird along with some herbs, garlic, and lemon, and scattered the rest in the bottom of the roasting pan with about a cup of water where they soaked up the turkey drippings and caramelized nicely while the turkey roasted. A v-shaped roasting rack and pan like this one works well for this.
The challenge with a turkey is getting it fully cooked and with a beautiful brown skin but not letting the breast meat dry out. In previous years I’ve followed a technique that required you to start the turkey breast down and then turn it one wing up, then the other, and then finally breast side up. Since this turkey was so large, I didn’t want to do that much manhandling of it, so I compromised by starting the turkey breast down and then turning it up after 40 minutes in a hot oven.
After flipping the bird (ha-ha!) and basting it with some melted ghee, I turned the oven temperature way down, inserted my trusty thermometer into the thigh, shut the oven door, and ignored it for a few hours – until the temperature reached 170 degrees.
The gravy was extraordinarily simple. With a slotted spoon, I removed the vegetables and set them aside. Then I used a fat separator like this one to isolate the tasty drippings from the fat. The fat I put into a jar and put in the refrigerator to be used in later cooking and the drippings I put into a blender along with the vegetables. A few pulses to puree them, then put the resulting gravy into a saucepan where it simmered on the stove while we carved the turkey and got the rest of the meal together. You could add salt and adjust seasonings to your taste, but I found that the drippings were perfectly salted from the brining and no additional salt was needed.
Notes on healing diets:
- Low-FODMAP: I’m sorry to say that this gravy is not low-FODMAP. However, many people who have issues with onions in their raw form do just fine with onions that are well cooked, which they definitely are in this recipe. Proceed with caution.
- Specific Carbohydrate Diet (SCD): This recipe is 100% SCD legal.
- Paleo Autoimmune Protocol (AIP): I use melted ghee and I think it is the tastiest option here. It is listed as stage 1 AIP reintroduction food in Sarah Ballantyne’s The Paleo Approach and many who don’t tolerate other dairy can still eat ghee. But if you are not able to use ghee, substitute coconut oil or some form of rendered animal fat like lard. I haven’t tried it, but I suspect that rendered duck fat would be divine!
- 1½ cups kosher salt
- 2 gallons filtered water
- 1 turkey, preferably pasture raised
- 2 medium onions
- 4 stalks of celery
- 4 carrots
- 1 bunch of fresh sage
- 1 bunch of fresh rosemary
- 1 large lemon, cut in quarters
- 4 cloves of garlic, peeled
- 1 cup of water
- ¼ cup of ghee or preferred solid fat (melted)
- Dissolve the salt in the water in a large pot over low heat. Once salt is dissolved, place in refrigerator for at least two hours or until completely cold.
- Rinse turkey, removing neck and giblets and reserving for another use. Place turkey in a large vessel for brining, add liquid, and place in refrigerator (or keep cold with ice - see above) for 8 hours.
- Remove turkey from brine and rinse thoroughly. Pat dry with paper towels, place on wire rack over cookie sheet and put in refrigerator uncovered to dry for at least 6 hours.
- Remove turkey from refrigerator about 1 hour before roasting.
- Preheat oven to 450 degrees.
- Cut vegetables into large chunks. Scatter half of the vegetables in the roasting pan and add 1 cup water.
- Stuff cavity of turkey with remaining vegetables, herbs, lemon, and garlic.
- Truss with cooking twine and place turkey on roasting rack with the breast side down. Drizzle about half of the coconut oil (or ghee or butter) over the skin of the turkey.
- Place in oven and roast without opening the door for 40 minutes.
- Remove turkey from oven. Using wadded up paper towels, carefully rotate the turkey so that it is breast side up.
- Drizzle with remaining coconut oil (or ghee or butter) and return to oven for 20 minutes.
- Reduce oven temperature to 325 degrees. Use an instant read thermometer to monitor the temperature and remove from oven when turkey thigh has reached 170 degrees. For a 19 pound turkey, this stage took 90 minutes but oven temperatures and other conditions will cause this to vary.
- Set turkey aside to rest at room temperature for at least 30 minutes, while you make the gravy.
- Remove vegetables with a slotted spoon and set aside. Separate the fat from the drippings (some fat will remain and get incorporated into the drippings, but if you don't remove at least some of the excess your gravy will be unpalatably greasy).
- Put vegetables and drippings into a blender (or use an immersion blender) and puree until smooth. Place gravy into a sauce pan and let simmer while you carve the turkey.
- Adjust seasonings if necessary and adjust thickness by adding more water or broth if necessary. Serve gravy piping hot.
Shared on Allergy Free Wednesday.